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A Timeline for Early Medieval Europe AD 602 - 698

This timerline is based on Roger Collins' Chronology in his book "Early Medieval Europe 300-1000"


British Isles Western Europe Eastern Europe North Africa Near East

604 Death of Augustine
602 Overthrow of Maurice
613 Unification of Francia under Chlotar II

610 Fall of Phocas

610 Revolt of Heraclius

610 Muhammad revelations begin
614 Persian capture of Jerusalem
620's Isidore writing 'History' and 'Chronicle'
622 The Hijra

626-55 Reign of Penda in Mercia
628 Murder of Khusro II

629-32 Roman mission in Northumbria
330 Muhammad conquers Mecca
623-38 Rule of Dagobert I in Francia

626 Avar siege of Constantinople
632 Succession of Abu Bakr

632 Death of Edwin

636 Death of Isidore of Seville
634 Succession of 'Umar

633-42 Reign of Oswald in Northumbria

636-52 Reign of Rothari in Italy

636 Battle of Yarmuk
636 Arab conquest of Jerusalem
639 Thuringian revolt

641 Death of Heraclius I
640 Conquest of Egypt
646 Revolt of Exarch Gregory

642 Collapse of Persia before Arabs

642-70 Reign of Oswy in Northumbria

649-72 Reign of Reccessuinth

649 Arab conquest of Cyprus

647 First Arab raid - death of Gregory

651 Death of last shah, Yazdgard III

655-8 Northumbrian rule over Northumbria

654 Issue of 'Forum Iudicum'
656-61 Caliphate of 'Ali
661-80 Mu'awiya first Umayyad Caliph

663/4 Synod of Whitby

657-664/5 Regency of Balthildis
c. 660-73, 675-80 Ebroin Mayor of Palace in Neustria

668 Murder of Constans at Syracuse

669 Arab invasion under 'Uqba
673 War between Wamba and Paul

674-7 Arab siege of Constantinople

670 Foundation of Kairouan

685 Battle of Dunnichen
681 Bulgars established in Balkans

683 Death of 'Uqba ibn Nafi

680-4 Civil wars
687 Battle of Tertry
698 Arab capture of Carthage